Northwestern University Robert R. McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science

Phillip B. Messersmith Research Group


Kim, H. S.; Ham, H. O.; Son, Y. J.; Messersmith, P. B.; Yoo, H. S. Electrospun catechol-modified poly(ethyleneglycol) nanofibrous mesh for anti-fouling properties. J. Mater. Chem. B 2013, 1, 3940–3949.

Black, K. C. L.; Sileika, T. S.; Yi, J.; Zhang, R.; Rivera, J. G.; Messersmith, P. B. Bacterial Killing by Light-Triggered Release of Silver from Biomimetic Metal Nanorods. Small 2013, n/a–n/a.

Low, W. C.; Rujitanaroj, P.-O.; Lee, D.-K.; Messersmith, P. B.; Stanton, L. W.; Goh, E.; Chew, S. Y. Nanofibrous scaffold-mediated REST knockdown to enhance neuronal differentiation of stem cells. Biomaterials 2013, 34, 3581–3590.

Fullenkamp, D. E., He, L., Barrett, D. G., Burghardt, W. R. & Messersmith, P. B. Mussel-Inspired Histidine-Based Transient Network Metal Coordination Hydrogels. Macromolecules 46, 1167–1174 (2013).

Barrett, D. G., Bushnell, G. G. & Messersmith, P. B. Mechanically Robust, Negative-Swelling, Mussel-Inspired Tissue Adhesives. Advanced Healthcare Materials 2, 745–755 (2013).

Abubacker, S.; Ham, H. O.; Messersmith, P. B.; Schmidt, T. A. Cartilage boundary lubricating ability of aldehyde modified proteoglycan 4 (PRG4-CHO). Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 2013, 21, 186–189.

Barrett, D. G., Fullenkamp, D. E., He, L., Holten-Andersen, N., Lee, K. Y. C. & Messersmith, P. B. pH-Based Regulation of Hydrogel Mechanical Properties Through Mussel-Inspired Chemistry and Processing. Advanced Functional Materials 23, 1111–1119 (2013).

Black, K. C.; Yi, J.; Rivera, J. G.; Zelasko-Leon, D. C.; Messersmith, P. B. Polydopamine-enabled surface functionalization of gold nanorods for cancer cell-targeted imaging and photothermal therapy. Nanomedicine 2013, 8, 17–28.

Rivera, J. G. & Messersmith, P. B. Polydopamine-assisted immobilization of trypsin onto monolithic structures for protein digestion. Journal of Separation Science 35, 1514–1520 (2012).

Ni, K.; Lu, H.; Wang, C.; Black, K. C. L.; Wei, D.; Ren, Y.; Messersmith, P. B. A novel technique for in situ aggregation of Gluconobacter oxydans using bio-adhesive magnetic nanoparticles. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 2012, 109, 2970–2977.

Lee, M.; Rho, J.; Lee, D.-E.; Hong, S.; Choi, S.-J.; Messersmith, P. B.; Lee, H. Water Detoxification by a Substrate-Bound Catecholamine Adsorbent. ChemPlusChem 2012, 77, 987–990.

Lau, K. H. A.; Ren, C.; Sileika, T. S.; Park, S. H.; Szleifer, I.; Messersmith, P. B. Surface-Grafted Polysarcosine as a Peptoid Antifouling Polymer Brush. Langmuir 2012, 28, 16099–16107.

Kuang, J. & Messersmith, P. B. Universal Surface-Initiated Polymerization of Antifouling Zwitterionic Brushes Using a Mussel-Mimetic Peptide Initiator. Langmuir 28, 7258–7266 (2012).

Kang, S. M.; Hwang, N. S.; Yeom, J.; Park, S. Y.; Messersmith, P. B.; Choi, I. S.; Langer, R.; Anderson, D. G.; Lee, H. One-Step Multipurpose Surface Functionalization by Adhesive Catecholamine. Advanced Functional Materials 201222, 2949–2955.

Fullenkamp, D. E.; Rivera, J. G.; Gong, Y.; Lau, K. H. A.; He, L.; Varshney, R.; Messersmith, P. B. Mussel-inspired silver-releasing antibacterial hydrogels. Biomaterials 33, 3783–3791 (2012).

Brubaker, C. E. & Messersmith, P. B. The Present and Future of Biologically Inspired Adhesive Interfaces and Materials. Langmuir 28, 2200–2205 (2012).

Hirata, I.; Yoshida, Y.; Nagaoka, N.; Hiasa, K.; Abe, Y.; Maekawa, K.; Kuboki, T.; Akagawa, Y.; Suzuki, K.; Meerbeek, B. V.; Messersmith, P. B.; Okazaki, M. Real time assessment of surface interactions with a titanium passivation layer by surface plasmon resonance. Acta Biomaterialia 2012, 8, 1260–1266.

Gong, Y.-K.; Liu, L.-P.; Messersmith, P. B. Doubly Biomimetic Catecholic Phosphorylcholine Copolymer: A Platform Strategy for Fabricating Antifouling Surfaces. Macromolecular Bioscience 2012, 12, 979–985.

Lau, K. H. A.; Ren, C.; Park, S. H.; Szleifer, I.; Messersmith, P. B. An Experimental–Theoretical Analysis of Protein Adsorption on Peptidomimetic Polymer Brushes. Langmuir 2011, 28, 2288–2298.

Sileika, T. S.; Kim, H.-D.; Maniak, P.; Messersmith, P. B. Antibacterial Performance of Polydopamine-Modified Polymer Surfaces Containing Passive and Active Components. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2011, 3, 4602–4610.

Brubaker, C. E.; Messersmith, P. B. Enzymatically Degradable Mussel-Inspired Adhesive Hydrogel. Biomacromolecules 2011, 12, 4326–4334.

Su, J.; Chen, F.; Cryns, V. L.; Messersmith, P. B. Catechol Polymers for pH-Responsive, Targeted Drug Delivery to Cancer Cells. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2011, 133, 11850–11853.

Lee, B. P.; Messersmith, P. B.; Israelachvili, J. N.; Waite, J. H. Mussel-Inspired Adhesives and Coatings. Annual Review of Materials Research 2011, 41, 99–132.

Ren, Y.; Rivera, J. G.; He, L.; Kulkarni, H.; Lee, D.-K.; Messersmith, P. B. Facile, high efficiency immobilization of lipase enzyme on magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles via a biomimetic coating. BMC Biotechnology 2011, 11, 63.

Black, K. C. L.; Liu, Z.; Messersmith, P. B. Catechol Redox Induced Formation of Metal Core−Polymer Shell Nanoparticles. Chem. Mater. 2011, 23, 1130–1135.

Haller, C. M.; Buerzle, W.; Brubaker, C. E.; Messersmith, P. B.; Mazza, E.; Ochsenbein-Koelble, N.; Zimmermann, R.; Ehrbar, M. Mussel-mimetic tissue adhesive for fetal membrane repair: a standardized ex vivo evaluation using elastomeric membranes. Prenatal Diagnosis 2011, 31, 654–660.

He, L.; Fullenkamp, D. E.; Rivera, J. G.; Messersmith, P. B. pH responsive self-healing hydrogels formed by boronate–catechol complexation. Chem. Commun. 2011, 47, 7497.

Ham, H. O.; Liu, Z.; Lau, K. H. A.; Lee, H.; Messersmith, P. B. Facile DNA Immobilization on Surfaces through a Catecholamine Polymer. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2011, 50, 732–736.

Holten-Andersen, N.; Harrington, M. J.; Birkedal, H.; Lee, B. P.; Messersmith, P. B.; Lee, K. Y. C.; Waite, J. H. pH-induced metal-ligand cross-links inspired by mussel yield self-healing polymer networks with near-covalent elastic moduli. PNAS 2011, 108, 2651–2655.

Lee, Y.; Lee, H.; Messersmith, P. B.; Park, T. G. A Bioinspired Polymeric Template for 1D Assembly of Metallic Nanoparticles, Semiconductor Quantum Dots, and Magnetic Nanoparticles. Macromol Rapid Commun 2010, 31, 2109–2114.

Lee, Y.; Chung, H. J.; Yeo, S.; Ahn, C.-H.; Lee, H.; Messersmith, P. B.; Park, T. G. Thermo-sensitive, injectable, and tissue adhesive sol–gel transition hyaluronic acid/pluronic composite hydrogels prepared from bio-inspired catechol-thiol reaction. Soft Matter 2010, 6, 977–983.

Chawla, K.; Ham, H. O.; Nguyen, T.; Messersmith, P. B. Molecular resurfacing of cartilage with proteoglycan 4. Acta Biomaterialia 2010, 6, 3388–3394.

Liu, Z.; Hu, B.-H.; Messersmith, P. B. Acetonide protection of dopamine for the synthesis of highly pure N-docosahexaenoyldopamine. Tetrahedron Letters 2010, 51, 2403–2405.

Avilés, M. O.; Lin, C.-H.; Zelivyanskaya, M.; Graham, J. G.; Boehler, R. M.; Messersmith, P. B.; Shea, L. D. The contribution of plasmid design and release to in vivo gene expression following delivery from cationic polymer modified scaffolds. Biomaterials 2010, 31, 1140–1147.

Bilic, G.; Brubaker, C.; Messersmith, P. B.; Mallik, A. S.; Quinn, T. M.; Haller, C.; Done, E.; Gucciardo, L.; Zeisberger, S. M.; Zimmermann, R. Injectable candidate sealants for fetal membrane repair: bonding and toxicity in vitro. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2010, 202, 85.e1–85.e9.

Sun, I.-C.; Eun, D.-K.; Na, J. H.; Lee, S.; Kim, I.-J.; Youn, I.-C.; Ko, C.-Y.; Kim, H.-S.; Lim, D.; Choi, K.; Messersmith, P. B.; Park, T. G.; Kim, S. Y.; Kwon, I. C.; Kim, K.; Ahn, C.-H. Heparin-Coated Gold Nanoparticles for Liver-Specific CT Imaging. Chemistry – A European Journal 2009, 15, 13341–13347.

J. Su, B. Huang, W. L. Lowe, D.B. Kaufman, P.B. Messersmith, "Anti-inflammatory peptide-functionalized hydrogels for insulin-secreting cell encapsulation", Biomaterials, 31, 308-314 (2010).

C. E. Brubaker, H. Kissler, L. Wang, D.B. Kaufman, P.B. Messersmith, "Biological performance of mussel-inspired adhesive in extrahepatic islet transplantation", Biomaterials, 31, 420-427 (2010).

M. Guvendiren, D.A. Brass, P.B. Messersmith, K. R. Shull, "Adhesion of DOPA-Functionalized Model Membranes to Hard and Soft Surfaces", The Journal of Adhesion, 85, 631-645 (2009).

S. Kang, J. Rho, I. Choi, P.B. Messersmith, H. Lee, "Norepinephrine: Material-Independent, Multifunctional Surface Modification Reagent", JACS, 131(37), 13224-13225 (2009).

Bi-Huang, Jing Su, P.B. Messersmith, "Hydrogels Cross-linked by Native Chemical Ligation", Biomacromolecules, 10, 2194-2200 (2009).

A. R. Statz, J. Kuang, C. Ren, A. E. Barron, I. Szleifer, P. B. Messersmith, "Experimental and theoretical investigation of chain length and surface coverage on fouling of surface grafted polypeptoids", Biointerphases, 4(2), FA22-FA32 (2009).

A. S. Garcia, S. M. Dellatore, P. B. Messersmith, W. M. Miller, "Effects of Supported Lipid Monolayer Fluidity on the Adhesion of Hematopoietic Progenitor Cell Lines to Fibronectin-Derived Peptide Ligands for alpha5beta1 and alpha4beta1 Integrins", Langmuir, 25, 2994-3002 (2009).

L. Hamming, P. B. Messersmith, L. C. Brinson, "Effects of dispersion and interfacial modification on the macroscale properties of TiO2 polymer-matrix nanocomposites", Composites Science and Technology, 68, 1880-1886, (2009).

H. Lee, J. Rho, K. Holmburg, and P. B. Messersmith, "Facile conjugation of biomolecules onto surfaces via mussel adhesive protein inspired coatings", Adv. Mater., 21, 431–434 (2009).

M. Guvendiren, P. B. Messersmith, K. R. Shull, "Self-assembly and adhesion of DOPA-modified methacrylic triblock hydrogels", Biomacromolecules, 9, 122-128 (2008).

K.Chawla, S. Lee, B. P. Lee, J. L. Dalsin, P. B. Messersmith, N. D. Spencer, "A novel low-friction surface for biomedical applications: Modification of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) with polyethylene glycol(PEG)-DOPA-lysine", J Biomed Mater Res., 90A(3), 742-749 (2008).

Y. Lee, H. Lee, Y. B. Kim, J. Kim, T. Hyeon, H. Park, P. B. Messersmith, and T. G. Park, "Bioinspired Surface Immobilization of Hyaluronic Acid on Monodisperse Magnetite Nanocrystals for Targeted Cancer Imaging", Adv. Mater., 20, 4154–4157 (2008).

L. Hamming, X. Fan, P. B. Messersmith, and L. C. Brinson, "Mimicking mussel adhesion to improve interfacial properties in composites", Composites Science and Technology, 68(9), 2042-2048, (2008).

A.R. Statz, J.P. Park, N.P. Chongsiriwatana, A.E. Barron, and P.B. Messersmith “Surface-immobilized antimicrobial peptoids”, Biofouling, 24(6), 439-448 (2008).

Z. Liu, B.H. Hu and P. B. Messersmith, "Convenient synthesis of acetonide-protected 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) for Fmoc solid-phase peptide synthesis", Tetrahedron Letters, 49(38), 5519-5521, (2008).

H. Lee, Y. Lee, A. R. Statz, J. Rho, T. G. Park, and P. B. Messersmith, "Substrate-Independent Layer-by-Layer Assembly by Using Mussel-Adhesive-Inspired Polymers", Adv. Mater., 20, 1916–1923 , (2008).

P. B. Messersmith, "Multitasking in Tissues and Materials", Science, 319, 1767–1768 , (2008).

A. R. Statz, A. E. Barron and P. B. Messersmith, "Protein, cell and bacterial fouling resistance of polypeptoid-modified surfaces: effect of side-chain chemistry", Soft Matter, 4, 131–139 , (2008).

B.H. Hu, M. R. Jones, and P. B. Messersmith, "Method for Screening and MALDI-TOF MS Sequencing of Encoded Combinatorial Libraries", Anal. Chem., 79(19), 7275 -7285, (2007).

R. C. Gunawan, J. A. King, B. P. Lee, P. B. Messersmith, and W. M. Miller, "Surface Presentation of Bioactive Ligands in a Nonadhesive Background Using DOPA-Tethered Biotinylated Poly(ethylene glycol)", Langmuir, 23, 10635-10643 (2007).

H. Lee, S. M. Dellatore, W. M. Miller and P. B. Messersmith, "Mussel-Inspired Surface Chemistry for Multifunctional Coatings", Science, 318, 426-430, (2007).

M. E. R. Jones and P. B. Messersmith, "Facile coupling of synthetic peptides and peptide–polymer conjugates to cartilage via transglutaminase enzyme", Biomaterials, 28, 5215–52242, (2007).

S. A. Burke, M. R. Jones, B. P. Lee and P. B Messersmith, "Thermal gelation and tissue adhesion of biomimetic hydrogels", Biomed. Mater., 2, 203–210, (2007).

A. Doraiswamy, C.Dinu, R.Cristescu, P.B. Messersmith, B.J. Chisholm, S.J. Stafslien, D.B. Chrisey and R.J. Narayan, "Matrix-Assisted Pulsed-Laser Evaporation of DOPA-modified Poly(ethylene glycol) Thin Films", J. Adhesion Sci. Technol., 21(3-4), 287-299, (2007).

H. Lee, B. P. Lee and P.B. Messersmith, "A reversible wet/dry adhesive inspired by mussels and geckos", Nature, 448, 338-342, (2007).

P.B. Messersmith and M. Textor, "Enzymes on nanotubes thwart fouling", Nature Nanotechnology, 2, 138-139 (2007).

P. Podsiadlo, Z. Liu, D. Paterson, P.B. Messersmith and N. A. Kotov, "Fusion of Seashell Nacre and Marine Bioadhesive Analogs: High-Strength Nanocomposite by Layer-by-Layer Assembly of Clay and L-3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine Polymer", Adv. Mater. 19 , 949–955, (2007).

N.D. Catron, H. Lee and P.B. Messersmith, "Enhancement of poly(ethylene glycol) mucoadsorption by biomimetic end group functionalization", Biointerphases, 1(4), 134-141, (2006).

A. Statz, J. Finlay, J. Dalsin, M. Callow, J.A. Callow and P.B. Messersmith, "Algal antifouling and fouling-release properties of metal surfaces coated with a polymer inspired by marine mussels", Biofouling, 22(6), 391-399, (2006).

H. Lee, N. Scherer and P.B. Messersmith, "Single-Molecule Mechanics of Mussel Adhesion", PNAS, 103, 12999-13003, (2006).

X. Fan, L. Lin and P.B. Messersmith, "Cell Fouling Resistance of Polymer Brushes Grafted from Ti Substrates by Surface-Initiated Polymerization: Effect of Ethylene Glycol Side Chain Length", Biomacromolecules, 7, 2443-2448, (2006).

B.P. Lee, J.L. Dalsin and P.B. Messersmith, "Synthetic Polymer Mimics Of Mussel Adhesive Proteins for Medical Applications", in Bioadhesives, Andrew Smith and James Callow, editors, Springer-Verlag, 257-278, (2006).

X. Fan, L. Lin and P.B. Messersmith, "Surface-initiated polymerization from TiO2 nanoparticle surfaces through a biomimetic initiator: A new route toward polymer-matrix nanocomposites", Composites Science and Technology, 66, 1195-1201, (2006).

Bruce P. Lee, F. Nelson Nunalee, Kenneth R. Shull and P.B. Messersmith, "Quartz Crystal Microbalance Studies of Polymer Gels and Solutions in Liquid Environments", in Analytical Chemistry, 78, 1158-1166, (2006).

Bruce P. Lee, Chi-Yang Chao, F. Nelson Nunalee, Emre Motan, Kenneth R. Shull, and Phillip B. Messersmith, "Rapid Gel Formation and Adhesion in Photocurable and Biodegradable Block Copolymers with High DOPA Content", Macromolecules, 39, 1740-1748, (2006).

X. Fan, L. Lin, J.L. Dalsin, P.B. Messersmith, "Biomimetic Anchor for Surface-Initiated Polymerization from Metal Substrates", J Am Chem Soc, 127, 15843-15847, (2005).

J.L. Dalsin and P.B. Messersmith, "Bioinspired antifouling polymers", Materials Today, 8(9), 38-46, (2005).

B.-H. Hu and P.B. Messersmith, "Enzymatically cross-linked hydrogels and their adhesive strength to biosurfaces", Orthod Craniofacial Res, 8, 145-149, (2005).

A.R. Statz, R.J. Meagher, A.E. Barron, P.B. Messersmith, "New Peptidomimetic Polymers for Antifouling Surfaces", JACS, 127, 7972-7973, (2005).

J.L. Dalsin, L. Lin, S. Tosatti, J. Vörös, M. Textor, P.B. Messersmith, "Protein Resistance of Titanium Oxide Surfaces Modified by Biologically Inspired mPEG-DOPA", Langmuir, 21, 640-646 (2005).

T.W. Jensen, B.-H. Hu, S. Dellatore, A.S. Garcia, P.B. Messersmith, and W.M. Miller, "Lipopeptides Incorporated into Supported Phospholipid Monolayers Have High Specific Activity at Low Incorporation Levels", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 126, 15223-30 (2004).

J.H. Collier and P.B. Messersmith, "Self-Assembling Polymer-Peptide Conjugates: Nanostructural Tailoring", Advanced Materials, 16, 907-910 (2004).

B.P. Lee, K. Huang, F. Nelson Nunalee, K. Shull and P.B. Messersmith, "Synthesis of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) containing monomers and their co-polymerization with PEG-diacrylate to form hydrogels" Journal of Biomaterial Science - Polymer Edition, 15, 449-464 (2004).

B. Hu and P.B. Messersmith, "Rational Design of Transglutaminase Substrate Peptides for Rapid Enzymatic Formation of Polymer Hydrogels", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125,14298-9 (2003).

J.L. Dalsin and P.B. Messersmith, "Surface Modification for Protein Resistance Using a Biomimetic Approach", Materials Research Society Symposium Series, in Materials Inspired by Biology, J.L. Thomas, K.L. Kiick, L.A. Gower, eds., 774, 75-80 (2003).

A.W. Pederson, J.W. Ruberti, and P.B. Messersmith, "Thermally Assembly of a Biomimetic Mineral-Collagen Composite", Biomaterials, 24, 4881-4890 (2003).

J.H. Collier and P.B. Messersmith, "Enzymatic Modification of Self-Assembled Peptide Structures with Tissue Transglutaminase", Bioconjugate Chemistry, 14, 748-755 (2003).

J.L. Dalsin, B. Hu, B.P. Lee, and P.B. Messersmith, "Mussel Adhesive Protein Mimetic Polymers for the Preparation of Nonfouling Surfaces", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 125, 4253-4258 (2003).

M. Ritter Jones and P.B. Messersmith, "Biomimetic Strategies for In-Situ Forming/Injectable Biomaterials", Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America, 14, 29-38 (2002).

B.P. Lee, J. Dalsin, and P.B. Messersmith, "Synthesis and Gelation of DOPA-Modified Poly(Ethylene Glycol) Hydrogels", Biomacromolecules, 3, 1038-1047 (2002).

Z. Zhang, P. Shum, M. Yates, P.B. Messersmith, and D.H. Thompson, "Formation of Fibrinogen-Based Hydrogels Using Phototriggerable Diplasmalogen Liposomes", Bioconjugate Chemistry, 13, 640-646 (2002).

T.J. Sanborn, P.B. Messersmith, and A.E. Barron, "In-Situ Crosslinking of a Biomimetic Peptide-PEG Hydrogel via Thermally Triggered Activation of Factor XIII", Biomaterials, 23, 2703-2710 (2002).

K. Huang, B. Lee, D. Ingram, P.B. Messersmith, "Synthesis and Characterization of Self-Assembling Block Copolymers Containing Bioadhesive Moieties", Biomacromolecules, 3, 397-406 (2002).

J.H. Collier and P.B. Messersmith, "Biomimetic Mineralization: Mesoporous Structures", Encyclopedia of Materials: Science and Technology, 2001: pp. 602-606.

J.H. Collier, B.-H. Hu, J.W. Ruberti, Jerry Zhang, Pochi Shum, David H. Thompson and P.B. Messersmith, "Thermally and Photochemically Triggered Self-Assembly of Peptide Hydrogels", Journal of the American Chemical Society, 123, 9463-9464 (2001).

B. Lee, J. Dalsin, and P.B. Messersmith, "Enzymatic and Nonenzymatic Crosslinking of DOPA-Modified PEG", Polymer Preprints, 42(2), 151-152 (2001).

K. Huang, B. Lee, and P.B. Messersmith, "Synthesis and Characterization of Self-Assembling Block Copolymers Containing Adhesive Moieties", Polymer Preprints, 42(2), 147-148 (2001).

M.S. Spector, A. Singh, P.B. Messersmith, and J.M. Schnur, "Chiral Self-Assembly of Nanotubules and Ribbons from Phospholipid Mixtures", Nano Letters, 1, 375-378 (2001).

J.H. Collier and P.B. Messersmith, "Phospholipid Strategies in Biomineralization and Biomaterials Research," Annual Reviews of Materials Science, 31, 237-263 (2001).

E. Westhaus and P.B. Messersmith, "Controlled release of Calcium from Lipid Vesicles: Adaption of a Biological Strategy for Rapid Gelation of Polysaccharide and Protein Hydrogels", Biomaterials, 22, 453-462 (2001).

B. Hu and P.B. Messersmith, "Protection of 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine(DOPA) for Fmoc Solid-Phase Peptide Synthesis", Tetrahedron Letters, 41, 5795-5798 (2000).

W. Murphy and P.B. Messersmith, "Compartmental Control of Mineral Formation: Adaptation of a Biomineralization Strategy for Biomedical Use", Polyhedron, 13, 357-363 (2000).

W. Murphy and P.B. Messersmith, "Thermally Triggered Mineralization of Calcium Phosphate Using Phosphate-Loaded Liposomes", Chemistry and Biology of Mineralized Tissue, 393-397 (2000).

N. Eberle, B. Lee, P.B. Messersmith, E. Westhaus, and X. Zeng "Synthesis and Characterization of DOPA-PEG Conjugates", Polymer Preprints, 41 989-990 (2000).

S. Svenson and P.B. Messersmith, "Formation of Polymerizable Phospholipid Nanotubules and Their Transformation into a Network Gel", Langmuir, 15, 4464-4471 (1999).

P.B. Messersmith, P. Osenar, and S.I. Stupp, "Preparation of a Nanostructured Organoceramic and its Reversible Interlayer Expansion", Journal of Materials Research, 14, 315-318 (1999).

H. Cui and P.B. Messersmith, "A New Approach to In-Situ Gelation of Alginate for Controlled Release", in "Tailored Polymeric Materials for Controlled Delivery Systems", I. McCullough and S. Shalaby, eds., ACS Symposium Series, 709, 1998, pp. 203-211.

P.B. Messersmith, S. Vallabhaneni, and V. Nguyen, "Preparation of Calcium-Loaded Liposomes and Their Use in Calcium Phosphate Formation", Chemistry of Materials, 10, 109-116 (1998).

P.B. Messersmith and S. Starke, "Thermally Triggered Calcium Phosphate Formation From Calcium-Loaded Liposomes", Chemistry of Materials, 10, 117-124 (1998).

P.B. Messersmith, A. Obrez, and S. Lindberg, "New Acrylic Resin Composite with Improved Thermal Diffusivity", Journal of Prosthodontics, 79, 278-284 (1998).

P.B. Messersmith and F. Znidarsich, "Synthesis and LCST Behavior of Thermally Responsive Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)/Layered Silicate Nanocomposites", in Nanophase and Nanocomposite Materials II, S. Komarneni, J.C. Parker, H.J. Wollenberger, eds., Materials Research Society Symposium Series, 457, 507-512 (1997).

P.B. Messersmith and H. Cui, "A New Approach to In-Situ Thermal Gelation of Alginate for Controlled Release", Polymer Preprints, 38, 616-617 (1997).